Since the FOMC issued its last policy statement on October 28, apparently opening the door to begin tightening US interest rates at its scheduled meeting next week, US small-cap stocks as measured by the Russell 2000® Index (+1.8%) have led US large cap stocks as measured by the Russell 1000® Index (+0.7%).
Historical analysis by global index leader FTSE Russell, however, suggests that the beginning of the of the Fed tightening process may see a bumpy road for small caps in the short-term, although past performance is no guarantee of future performance.
Analysis of the Russell 2000® Index during two prior periods of extended US rate tightening – 1999-2000 & 2004-2006 – shows US small caps trending downward initially in both periods, but showing longer-term increases.
And, while growth-oriented US small-cap stocks as measured by the Russell 2000® Growth Index (+2.9%) have continued to outperform value-oriented US small-cap stocks as measured by the Russell 2000® Value Index (+0.7%) since October 28, historical small cap style analysis during the same two tightening periods proves less conclusive.
While the last two periods of extended Fed rate hikes saw bumpiness for US small cap stocks across both growth and value in the initial stages, value-oriented stocks clearly led the way in 2004. In 1999, the opposite held true, with growth-oriented small caps on a tear for the first year.
Tom Goodwin, Senior Research Director, FTSE Russell:
“While past performance is no guarantee of future results, historical analysis through market indexes can help investors better understand the potential impact of market events, in this case a potential extended period of US interest rate tightening. None of us have a crystal ball, but the layered insight, of both market cap and style analysis, through our indexes can provide additional perspective to investors charting a plan of action.”
This FTSE Russell Index IDEA draws from historical research authored by Tom Goodwin and other FTSE Russell index experts. More research and insights can be found on the new FTSE Russell blog.
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